Why are there such disparities in Europe in terms of occupational diseases? In its new report “Establishing the occupational origin of a disease”, EUROGIP provides some answers, in particular concerning the multifactorial diseases such as MSDs, cancers and mental illnesses. It takes a closer look at the recognition systems in force in Italy and Denmark, which are very close and very far from the French system respectively.
One of the main explanations for the disparities presented is the systems for reporting occupational diseases, the legal conditions for recognition specific to each country and the way in which cases are investigated by the competent public insurance body. And if these parameters diverge from one country to another, it is because a disease is not occupational in nature. Most of them are multifactorial, i.e. their onset is related to a variety of factors. Moreover, the legal concept of “occupational disease” does not cover the same thing everywhere.
In addition to the interest that a comparative approach to recognition systems can generate in explaining the statistical differences between countries, this report aims to provide food for thought on the degree of flexibility or adaptability of European care systems, which are faced with more multifactorial pathologies (certain cancers, neurodegenerative diseases, even viruses, etc.).
Read the report (available in French only)