Abroad|03/12/18

ESTONIA: Heading toward an occupational injury insurance system?

Home > The news of EUROGIP and occupational risks in Europe > ESTONIA: Heading toward an occupational injury insurance system?

Estonia is one of the few EU countries that do not have a specific insurance system for occupational injuries and diseases. The situation could change in 2021, because the Ministry of Social Affairs has announced its intention of creating such a system, which will be fairer for employees, who are currently covered by the solidarity health insurance organization. The new system should also incentivize employers to improve the work environment.

The amount of the insurance premiums will depend on the risk level and therefore more or less on the sector of activity. The premium could be about 6 euros per employee per year in the ICT sector and 160 euros in the waste management sector.

In response to concerns expressed by the employers’ organizations, the Ministry has assured them that the new system would not increase their overall tax burden, because social security and unemployment insurance contributions would be lower. These organizations also consider that the new system will place excessive responsibility on employers, whereas many accidents occur when employees do not obey safety rules and instructions. In their opinion, the system should also motivate employees to ensure their own safety.

The trade unions support this government initiative which will oblige employers to tackle the issue of occupational safety and health, to perform risk analyses and to make work environments safer. They suggest that the next stage should be the setting up of a specific occupational disease insurance system.

The details of the new system must be discussed in greater depth, and the changes will come into effect in 2021 at the earliest.

Discover other news

Community news

28/05/24

Council gives final green light to first global rules on AI

Today, 21 May 2024, the Council approved a groundbreaking regulation on artificial intelligence (AI) that follows a “risk-based” approach. This means that the greater the risk of harm to society, the stricter the rules. It is the first of its kind in the world.

Community news

28/05/24

Declaration on the future of the European set of social rights

At the high-level conference in La Hulpe in mid-April, the European Parliament, the European Commission, Belgium on behalf of the 25 EU Member States, the European Economic and Social Committee, the ETUC, SGI Europe, SME United and the Social Platform signed a declaration on the future of the European Social Rights Floor.