FRANCE: Differential evolution of occupational injuries between women and men since 2001

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Based on the most recent data from the French Occupational injuries insurance, the National Agency for the Improvement of Working Conditions (Anact) presents a statistical snapshot of occupational injuries in France by gender between 2001 and 2019.

In 2019, accidents at work affected more than 650,000 employees in France, 63% of whom were men and 37% women. Their overall decrease since 2001 (-11.1%) corresponds to a decrease for men (-27.2%), but masks their clear increase for women (+41.6%). Since 2013, the trend is reversed. The overall number of accidents increases (+6.1%) with a stabilization for men (-0.1%) and an increase (+18.3%) for women.

Since 2001, the most accident-prone sectors for women are services – health, social work, cleaning, temporary work and services, trade and food industries – and for men, construction. On average, women are off work longer than men. More than 90% of fatal accidents involve men in all sectors. Between 2013 and 2019, the number of fatal accidents increased by more than 35% for both women and men.

Occupational diseases affected a total of more than 50,000 people in 2019, as many women as men. Their increase over 19 years is strong and constant overall (+108%). But it is twice as fast for women (+158.7%) as for men (-73.6%). However, since 2011, a decrease and then a stabilization of the number of recognized occupational diseases for both women and men can be observed, taking into account the evolution of their recognition modalities.

In 2019, commuting accidents concerned nearly 99,000 people, 54% of whom were women and 46% men. The number of commuting accidents has been stable for men since 2001 (-1.5%), but has increased significantly for women (+33.6%). Fatal commuting accidents concern more men than women in all branches. Service activities (health, social work, cleaning and temporary work) have the highest mortality for both men and women in 2019.

This statistical analysis provides useful insights to be taken into account in occupational risk prevention, especially in female-dominated sectors and particularly in service activities (health, social work, cleaning and temporary work).

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