GERMANY: OHS trends in 2019

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The 2021 edition of Baua’s ‘Changing World of Work’ brochure presents the occupational health and safety (OHS) trends of 2019. The information is taken from the full report and is presented in a clear and concise manner, mostly in graphical form.

In 2019, the number of accidents at work (937,456) remained at an overall low level. This is 11,853 fewer accidents than in the previous year. The number of fatalities (626) was slightly up. However, of the 85 additional deaths recorded in 2019 compared to 2018, 84 occurred between 2000 and 2005. They had given rise to criminal proceedings and could only be counted once these proceedings had been completed. The number of fatal commuting accidents was 312 (compared to 314 in 2018).

In terms of occupational diseases, the number of declarations was 84,853, i.e. 2,231 more than in 2018; the number of cases recognised was 20,422, i.e. 1,372 less and the number of new pensions was 4,806, i.e. 115 less. Skin diseases (21,176 cases) and noise-induced deafness (15,284) were the most frequently reported occupational diseases in 2019. Noise-induced deafness (7,238), skin cancer due to ultraviolet radiation (5,503) and asbestosis (1,482) were the most frequently recognised.

Of the 42.4 million people employed in Germany in 2019, nine out of ten were employees. The 15-65 age group reached a record level of 77% employment, and even 88% for the 45-49 age group. In addition, 62% of people aged 60-64 were still in employment, compared with 34% in 2007.

In 2019, the average number of days of sick leave was 12 days over the year, but 15 days in the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors. Half of the work stoppages are due to MSDs, respiratory diseases and psychological disorders. Men are more exposed to injuries, accidents and poisoning, while women suffer more from psychological problems.

Download the brochure “Arbeitswelt im Wandel – Ausgabe 2021” (pdf, in German)

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