According to the most recent data published by FIOH, a total of 4,090 occupational diseases or suspected occupational diseases were registered in 2016 (Register TPSR), which is about 7% less than in 2015.
The vast majority, 3,428 cases, concerned the 15-64 age group, i.e. 14.4 cases/10,000 employees. In this age group, 1,060 (out of a total of 1,479) cases were recognized as occupational diseases.
The most frequently recognized ones in all age groups were hearing loss and asbestos-related pleural plaques. For the 15-64 age group, they were as follows:
- noise-induced hearing loss (319 cases),
- skin diseases (316 cases, including 141 allergic dermatitis, 103 irritant contact dermatitis),
- MSDs (124 cases),
- asbestos-related diseases (95 cases, but 446 all age groups combined),
- asthma (78 cases),
- rhinitis (52 cases).
Among the recognized cases, the victims were overwhelmingly men: 72%, or even 97% among those over 65 years of age due to asbestos-related diseases, which sometimes occur long after exposure.
It should be noted that physicians have a statutory obligation to report an occupational disease or suspected occupational disease. However, in 2016, 27% of all occupational diseases and their suspicions were reported.