EU Official Documents
The official texts and documents published by the EU institutions and bodies – Parliament, Council, EU Council, Commission, etc. – have been grouped here. They often form the regulatory basis for occupational health and safety in France and other EU Member States.
Latest EU Documents
The strategy for 2007-2012 aims to achieve a sustained reduction of accidents at work and occupational diseases in the EU. It sets out a quantitative objective of 25% reduction of accidents at work through a series of actions at European and national levels in the following main areas: improving and simplifying existing legislation and enhancing its implementation in practice through non-binding instruments such as exchange of good practices, awareness-raising campaigns and better information and training ; defining and implementing national strategies adjusted to the specific context of each Member State. These strategies should target the sectors and companies most affected and fix national targets for reducing accidents at work and occupational diseases ; mainstreaming of health and safety at work in other national and European policy areas (education, public health, research) and finding new synergies ; better identifying and assessing potential new risks through more research, exchange of knowledge and practical application of results.
This guide which was drawn up by EUROGIP for the European Commission aims at helping especially SMEs choose the most appropriate work equipment for performing temporary work at a height. By putting together the “best practices” identified by a large number of European experts, it also allows the players involved in the prevention of accidents to apply the directive efficiently.
The directive aims to ensure the free movement of machines and their accessories, whilst laying down essential requirements regarding the health and safety of workers and consumers. It is based on the principles of the “new approach” to technical harmonisation and standards. In line with this new approach, the design and manufacture of machines and their accessories are subject to essential safety requirements. The directive applies to machines (interchangeable equipment, safety components, lifting accessories, chains, ropes and webbing, removable mechanical transmission devices) and to partly completed machinery.
Optical radiation is defined as any electromagnetic radiation in the wavelength range between 100 nanometers and 1 millimeter. Ionising radiation and electromagnetic fields such as microwaves or radio frequencies are not covered by the text whose scope is furthermore limited to radiation emitted from artificial sources such as lasers and infrared lamps. The directive lays down minimum standards for prevention of damage to the eyes and skin from such radiation. Exposure limit values that should not be exceeded at any time are set out for non-coherent artificial radiation (Annex 1) and lasers (Annex 2). The text takes over, while specifying them, the various obligations for the employer laid down in the framework directive: to assess the risks, implement a plan to reduce those which cannot be eliminated, inform and train the workers. Moreover, the directive provides for specific measures for the workers’ health surveillance. Thus an individual health record shall be made which shall include a summary of the results of the risk assessment. In any event, where exposure limit values are exceeded, as soon as adverse health effects are detected, a medical examination shall be made available to the workers concerned and the employer shall review the risk assessment as well as the measures he had adopted and arrange continued health surveillance.
This directive lays down minimum requirements for the protection of workers exposed to carcinogens and mutagens. In order to reduce the risks to the health and safety of workers associated with such an exposure, it sets out exposure limit values as well as preventive measures.
The development of a European schedule of occupational diseases has three main aims: to improve knowledge of the subject at European level (collection and comparability of data); to step up prevention: the Member States are asked to define quantified objectives with a view to reducing the rate of these diseases; to provide assistance to the workers concerned to enable them more easily to prove the link between their occupational activities and their disease and apply for compensation.
La directive traite des vibrations transmises d’une part au système main-bras, qui peuvent entraîner notamment des troubles vasculaires, neurologiques ou musculaires et des lésions ostéo-articulaires, d’autre part à l’ensemble du corps, qui sont une des causes des lombalgies et des traumatismes de la colonne vertébrale. La directive fixe des valeurs limites d’exposition journalière normalisées à une période de référence de 8 heures : 5m/s2 pour les vibrations main-bras et 1,15m/s2 pour les vibrations à l’ensemble du corps. Elle fixe également des valeurs d’exposition journalière déclenchant l’action, valeurs au-delà desquelles des mesures spécifiques de prévention doivent être prises : choix d’un équipement de travail produisant moins de vibrations, droit pour les travailleurs concernés de faire l’objet d’une surveillance médicale appropriée… Ces valeurs sont de 2,5m/s2 pour les vibrations transmises aux mains et aux bras et de 0,5m/s2 pour celles transmises à l’ensemble du corps. Un article de la directive est consacré à la surveillance de la santé des travailleurs exposés. Cette surveillance vise à prévenir et à diagnostiquer rapidement toute affection liée à l’exposition aux vibrations mécaniques.